Tom Smith, Malaya
1st Battalion, MMG platoon Support Company.
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The Malayan Emergency was a Malayan guerrilla war fought between Commonwealth armed forces and the Malayan National Liberation Army (MNLA), the military arm of the Malayan Communist Party, from 1948 until 1960.
The MNLA called this conflict "The Anti-British National Liberation War". The rubber plantations and tin-mining industries had pushed for the use of the term "emergency" because Lloyd's insurers would not cover their financial losses if it had been declared a war.
The communists were defeated in 1960, even after this, communist leader Chin Peng renewed the insurgency against the Malaysian government in 1967; the second phase of fighting lasted until 1989. After that he lived in exile, in Thailand, until his death in 2013.